Effect of normal alkane additives on the structural parameters of polyethersulfone ultrafiltration membranes
Paper ID : 1335-MST2015-FULL
Authors:
Mostafa Teimoori1, Seyed Abdollatif Hashemifard *2, mohsen abbasi3
1Persian gulf university
2Persian Gulf University
3persian gulf university
Abstract:
This study focuses on the effect of two normal alkanes as additive on the structural parameters and pure water permeate of ultrafiltration (UF) flat sheet polyethersulfone (PES) membranes. Asymmetric PES membrane was fabricated by phase inversion method and n-hexane and n-decane was used as additive and water as the coagulation bath. The effects of different concentration of these additives on the structural parameters were investigated and the prepared membranes were characterized in terms of ternary phase diagram, gas permeation, and pure water permeation (PWP) and bulk porosity measurement. It was expected that two distinct phase inversion to be observed since both the polymer and the additives were insoluble in the coagulation bath. Experimental results revealed that by adding these additives the casting solution was still thermodynamically stable and by influencing the rate of the polymer precipitation resultant membrane were more porous compared to the neat membrane. The results demonstrated that with increasing concentration of additives in dope solution, pure water permeation, gas permeation, pore size and porosity simultaneously increased. However in the case of n-hexane, there was a maximum point at the concentration of 0.4%. In conclusion, the finding of this work showed the high influence of the n-alkanes on the structural parameters of the PES UF membranes.
Keywords:
polyethersufone, membrane, alkanes additive, permeation,
Status : Paper Accepted (Oral Presentation)